New York Climate Change Report

June 14, 2024
New York State environment energy climate


Published: March 23, 2022
Updated: June 14, 2024 at 04:53PM



Overview

Welcome to this analysis of energy-related data in New York State. This page presents an overview of the datasets used in the analysis, including greenhouse gas emissions, electric generation by fuel type, and gasoline retail prices. It also provides an overview of monthly temperature and precipitation data. The purpose of this analysis is to understand trends and patterns in energy usage and emissions in New York and to consider the implications of these trends for practice and policy.

Data Sources

The data used in this analysis consists of:

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Greenhouse gas emissions in New York State from 1990 to the most recent year available, provided by the Department of Environmental Conservation Electric generation by fuel type in New York State from 1960 to the most recent year available, provided by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority Weekly average gasoline retail prices by region in New York State from October 2007 to the most recent week available, provided by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority Monthly temperature and precipitation data for the contiguous United States from 1895 to the most recent month available, provided by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

The Department of Environmental Conservation has compiled a dataset on statewide greenhouse gas emissions in New York beginning in 1990. This dataset aims to inform the 2021 New York State Statewide Greenhouse Gas Emissions Report, a key component of the state’s strategy for addressing climate change. The report is intended to meet the requirements of the Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act, track progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and make greenhouse gas information accessible to the public. The dataset provides annual emissions estimates up to the most recent year for which data are available.

Electric Generation in New York State

The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority has compiled a dataset on electric generation in the state by fuel type. The data, which span from 1960 to the present, include information on the total electricity requirements and in-state generation for New York in giga-watt hours. The dataset includes data on a range of fuel types, including coal, natural gas, petroleum products, hydro, nuclear, waste, landfill gas, wood, wind, solar, and net imports of electricity.

Gasoline Retail Prices in New York State

The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority has compiled a dataset on weekly average retail gasoline prices for New York State and 16 metropolitan regions in the state. The data, which span from October 2007 to the present, are collected from the American Automobile Association’s Daily Fuel Gauge Report and are provided in U.S. dollars per gallon.

Temperature and Precipitation

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has compiled a dataset on monthly temperature and precipitation data for the contiguous United States. The data, which span from 1895 to the present, are designed for the study of climate variability and have been adjusted to account for artificial effects on the climate record, such as instrument changes, station relocation, observer practice changes, and urbanization. Some of the more recent data may be preliminary and subject to modification after quality control. The dataset is intended for use in near real-time analysis and for the study of climate variability.

Limitations

There are several limitations to consider when using these datasets. The greenhouse gas emissions data from the Department of Environmental Conservation may be subject to revision as data becomes available or as new methodologies are developed. The electric generation data from the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority do not include customer-sited solar photovoltaic energy and do not have data on the waste, landfill gas, and wood categories prior to 2001. The gasoline retail prices data from the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority are averages and may not reflect the exact prices at individual gas stations. The temperature and precipitation data from NOAA may be subject to revision after quality control.

Importance of the Data

These datasets are important for a number of reasons. The greenhouse gas emissions data can help inform policy decisions on reducing emissions and mitigating the impacts of climate change. The electric generation data can provide insight into the state’s energy mix and help inform decisions on energy infrastructure and development. The gasoline retail prices data can inform consumers on fuel costs and help inform policy decisions on transportation and energy. The temperature and precipitation data can help inform climate and weather forecasting and can provide insight into long-term climate trends.


Statewide Greenhouse Gas Emissions


Overall


Graphs Prepared By: Isaac H. Michaels, MPH
Data Source: Open Data NY


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By Gas


Graphs Prepared By: Isaac H. Michaels, MPH
Data Source: Open Data NY


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By Sector


Graphs Prepared By: Isaac H. Michaels, MPH
Data Source: Open Data NY


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By Sector (Granular)


Graphs Prepared By: Isaac H. Michaels, MPH
Data Source: Open Data NY


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Electric Generation (GWh)


Overall


Graphs Prepared By: Isaac H. Michaels, MPH
Data Source: Open Data NY


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By Fuel Type


Graph


Graphs Prepared By: Isaac H. Michaels, MPH
Data Source: Open Data NY


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Table


Electric Generation By Fuel Type: New York State (1960 to 2016)

Gigawatt Hours, by Year
Fuel Type 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Natural Gas 38,697 38,451 28,156 27,294 31,873 42,134 45,634 43,856 41,780 48,916 50,805 59,462 54,354 54,380 56,923 56,793
Nuclear 40,395 39,617 40,679 40,640 42,443 42,224 42,453 43,209 43,485 41,870 42,695 40,775 44,756 43,041 44,620 41,638
Conv. Hydro 21,486 24,612 24,207 26,745 26,204 27,110 24,184 25,711 26,420 24,214 27,634 24,572 25,631 25,974 25,879 26,314
Net Imports 10,628 17,088 18,163 17,646 18,115 18,569 20,708 23,899 25,009 26,517 25,201 26,180 25,694 22,103 22,273 26,117
Wind 21 82 41 116 103 655 833 1,251 2,266 2,596 2,828 2,992 3,539 3,986 3,984 3,943
Other 2,404 2,282 2,302 2,303 2,481 2,488 2,555 2,996 2,888 2,916 2,823 2,945 3,003 3,194 3,028 2,881
Waste 1,837 1,878 1,905 1,883 1,899 1,902 1,902 1,903 1,900 1,893 1,878 1,897 1,799 1,866 1,862 1,841
Coal 23,432 23,239 23,581 22,853 20,598 20,968 21,406 19,154 12,759 13,583 9,426 4,551 4,697 4,325 2,046 1,493
PS Hydro 1,666 1,601 1,591 1,408 1,379 1,312 1,373 1,790 1,525 889 721 731 766 849 825 836
LFG 284 198 205 209 329 326 397 533 648 708 735 736 828 789 745 748
Petroleum 16,512 11,534 19,292 21,205 24,013 6,778 8,195 3,745 2,648 2,005 1,189 580 1,007 2,136 1,892 643
Wood 283 206 192 211 253 260 256 560 340 315 210 311 377 539 422 293
Solar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 53 67 71 101 140

Table Prepared By: Isaac H. Michaels, MPH
Data Source: Open Data NY


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Gasoline Retail Prices Weekly Average


Overall


Graphs Prepared By: Isaac H. Michaels, MPH
Data Source: Open Data NY


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By Region


Graphs Prepared By: Isaac H. Michaels, MPH
Data Source: Open Data NY


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Average Temperature


Graphs Prepared By: Isaac H. Michaels, MPH
Data Source: NOAA


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Precipitation


Graphs Prepared By: Isaac H. Michaels, MPH
Data Source: NOAA


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